Numbering

1      Ichi
2      Ni
3      San
4      Chi
5      Go
6      Roku
7      Shichi
8      Hachi
9      Ku
10    Ju

Kata (in learning order)

  • Gekisai dai ichi
  • Gekisai dai ni
  • Saifa
  • Seiyunchin
  • Shisochin
  • Sanseru
  • Sepai
  • Kururunfa
  • Seisan
  • Suparinpei
  • Sanchin
  • Tensho

Terms used during class

  • Jodan – Upper area (face)
  • Chudan – Middle area (chest)
  • Gedan – Lower area (stomach)
  • Kamae – Combative posture
  • Hajime – Begin
  • Seiza – Sit down/kneel
  • Age – Stand up (rise)
  • Yame – Stop
  • Kime – Focus
  • Rei – Bow
  • Yoi – Ready
  • Hidari – Left
  • Migi – Right
  • Han – Half
  • Kumite – Sparring (during a tournament)
  • Kihon Ippon – One step sparring
  • Randori – Slow continuous sparring, emphasising technique
  • Jiyu kumite – Hard and fast controlled freestyle fighting

Stances

  • Dachi – Stance
  • Heisoku dachi – Closed foot stance
  • Musubi dachi – Heels together, feet apart
  • Heiko dachi – Feet shoulder-width apart
  • Hachiji dachi – Natural stance, feet pointing slightly apart
  • Sanchin dachi – Hourglass stance, small stance
  • Zenkutsu dachi – Front, stretched stance
  • Shiko dachi – Straddle leg stance
  • Nekoashi dachi – Cat stance

Blocks

  • Uke – Block
  • Age uke – Rising block
  • Chudan uke – Chest block
  • Gedan barai – Stomach block
  • Hiki uke – Open hand chest block
  • Ko uke – Wrist block
  • Mawashi uke – Round house block
  • Udan uke – Outside chest block
  • Gedan mawashi uke – Outside chest block
  • Morote uke – Double block (chest and stomach at the same time)

Punches

  • Zuki – Punch
  • Choku zuki – Straight punch
  • Ura zuki – Short punch
  • Nihon zuki – Double punch
  • Sanbon zuki – Triple punch
  • Gyaku zuki – Reverse punch
  • Oi zuki – Lunge punch
  • Ura zuki – Short punch
  • Kizame zuki – Jab
  • Morote zuki – Double punch

Strikes

  • Uchi – Strikes
  • Empi uchi – Elbow strike
  • Urachen uchi – Back fist strike
  • Shuto uchi – Knife hand strike
  • Nukite – Finger strike
  • Tetsui uchi – Hammer fist
  • Shotei uchi – Palm heel strike

Foot techniques

  • Geri – Kick
  • Mae geri – Front kick
  • Mawashi geri – Round house kick
  • Yoku geri kekome – Side thrust kick
  • Ushiro geri – Back kick
  • Kansetsu geri – Stamping kick
  • Hiza geri – Knee kick
  • Ashibarai – Foot sweep
  • Mae tobi geri – Jumping front kick

Supplementary exercises: Hojo Undo

Hojo undo are supplementary exercises that use various training aids used to develop and condition the body to improve self-defense techniques.

  • Chishi – Concrete or stone weight on a wooden handle (read more about the chishi here)
  • Nigri game – Gripping jars
  • Makiwara – A striking post with rubber padding
  • Kongoken – Heavy rectangular hoop